Elon Musk and his Electric Car “Tesla”

Tesla is an electric car name of the great scientist Nikolas Tesla.

Basically, Tesla Motors was manufacturing AC induction motors, in which Elon Musk invested and took over and continued to use the Name Tesla for his electric cars as well, which was decided by the Founders of Tesla Motors.  Tesla Motors and Tesla Inc. have a portfolio of over 1200 patent worldwide. The patents are majorly filled in the technology domain of motors, controllers, energy storage, battery storage and the like since 2005.

Who is Nikola Tesla

Nikola Tesla was a Serbian American inventor, electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, physicist, and futurist best known for his contributions to the design of the modern alternating current electricity supply system.

Born: 10 July 1856, Smiljan, Croatia.

Died: 7 January 1943  The New Yorker.

During the Era of  Thomas Edison, Westinghouse, Guglielmo Marconi, and J.P. Morgan, Nikola Tesla was a giant of innovation because of his contributions to the fields of electricity, radio and robotics. Which is not so well known to common.  He was an inventor for over 118 US patents, which were assigned to various companies like, SCHMIDT ALBERT, TESLA NP, THE TESLA ELECTRIC COMPANY, THE TESLA ELECTRIC LIGHT & MFG COMPANY, TESLA ELECTRIC COMPANY  and WALTHAM WATCH CO.

The significant difference in the approach of Edison and Tesla was that Edison was developing DC motors and Tesla AC motors. AC power was easy to supply and therefore was more successfully used to lit the cities.

DC Motors

In 1884, Tesla came to  New York for working with Thomas Edison, so that Edison can help him finance. Edison was investing an inefficient direct-current (DC) systems, and he wanted Tesla to re-engineer a DC power plant on Pearl Street in Lower Manhattan. Both parted company over a financial dispute.

George Westinghouse provided funding for Tesla’s AC induction motors and devices, which soon came to dominate manufacturing and urban life. Unlike the DC motors of the time, Tesla’s motors didn’t create sparks or require expensive permanent magnets to operate. Instead, they used a rotating magnetic field that used power more efficiently in a basic design that is still the core of most electric motors.

In 1896, Tesla designed the power-generating system at Niagara Falls, a significant advance for his AC system. Entire cities eventually ran on AC power, after Westinghouse won a battle against Edison, the leading DC proponent. Their conflict is the subject of “The Current War,” a movie starring Benedict Cumberbatch as Edison.

Wireless transmissions

Tesla developed radio technology during 189o’s. It was referred to as “oscillator” through which electricity is converted into high-frequency radio waves, enabling energy, sound and other transmissions over great distances.

In 1899, Tesla began building a global “World System”, expecting to power vehicles, boats and aircraft wirelessly. Ultimately, he assumed that anything that needed electricity would get it from the air, much as we receive transmitted data, sound and images on smartphones.

Robotic drones

Another Tesla invention combined the radio with a remote-control device. We’d now call it a robotic drone.

Who is Elon Musk?

Elon Musk born in South Africa on June 28, 1971, and moved to Canada for Education. Elon Musk is an investor and a visionary. He has invested in Tesla Inc., PayPal, SpaceX and Neuralink. Neuralink is into the development of implantable brain-computer interfaces. He is a graduate of economics and physics and a PhD dropout to peruse entrepreneurship. He founded his first software company at the age of 23 and sold it to 34 million dollars in the next four years.

 

Space Exploration Technologies Corp. is a private American aerospace manufacturer and space transportation services company headquartered in Hawthorne, California. It was founded in 2002 by Elon Musk with the goal of reducing space transportation costs and enabling the colonisation of Mars. SpaceX has since developed the Falcon launch vehicle family and the Dragon spacecraft family, which both currently deliver payloads into Earth orbit.

 

 

Importance of Trademark Watch

By Amruta Kulkarni,

We see trademarks as unique creations for your brand and a customized watch parameter can prevent the misuse of your trademark!

Trademark is an important IP asset that adds considerable value to your business. A trademark can command tremendous reputation and goodwill. Therefore, it is important we diligently protect our trademark from being infringed by others. Trademark Watch helps in tracking existing and potential trademarks. It also helps in identifying similar trademarks that might cause public confusion or has the potential to dilute your trademark’s reputation.

Why Trademark Watch?

Once your trademark is registered, you may think your trademark is exclusively protected from other similar marks in the market. But, this is not always the case. New trademark applications are subject to individual judgement by a trademark examiner. An examiner without knowledge of a specific trademark may still approve a new mark with competing similarities. Trademark watch is extremely essential to preventing this situation from occurring, and protecting your legal rights.

To protect your important trademark from potential infringement with the third party, trademark status and trademark watching is performed for both word and device marks.

Trademark watch reports give you the data you have to act rapidly against the trademark that may be confusingly like yours.

For word marks, recently distributed indistinguishable and phonetically indistinguishable trademark in all the trademark classes, in addition, to a confusingly comparative trademark in one class. For device marks, we report recently published identical or similar trademarks in a class or classes similar to yours. English interpretations of Goods and Services are included for most registers at no extra cost.

To protect their trademark from being infringed by others and for a timely opposition, many a time trademark status monitoring services are sought by clients wherein marks published in the Trademark journal need to be watched and clients are alerted in a case similar trademarks appear. This service helps one to file for timely oppositions so that registration of similar trademarks can be avoided.

Recent Trends in Handling Patent Related Issues – Protect Your Business

As we all know, IPR in totality is negative right and it’s supposed to be used fairly for building brand and credibility of the business. We expect businesses to operate ethically.

Due to various reasons, there is a delay in getting Patent Grant, which is advantageous as well as disadvantageous to the Business.

What are they:

  1. The Applicant can use Patent Pending status for an extended period,
  2. This Status can be used for Patentable as well as non-patentable invention,
  3. This can create an unnecessary dilemma in the minds of competitors about the validity of the patent, which they don’t check and instead prevent entering into that particular product domain,
  4. This “Patent Pending Status” is often confused by the Civil Force with copyright and sometimes premises of the opposite part are raided and ceased, which is not correct,
  5. This may lead to non-reparable defamation to the opposite party,
  6. This creates unnecessary fear amongst the competitors,
  7. Generally, courts do not admit infringement case when the patent application is still pending for the grant, but recently the courts have admitted cases because according to IPC, you should take action within stipulated time period from the date of offense, which is again advantageous to small business,
  8. The granted Patent application is enough to get immediate injunction relief sometimes.

Kindly, take appropriate action and prevent your self from unnecessary trouble.

Happing Inventing!!

 

Don’t Waste your Patent Applications

Patent applications are generally drafted to protect an invention, but still many times it happens that due to the unnecessary inclusion of contents, the patent application will be wasted and will remain a Paper Patent. Which means that the patent document will no longer be used effectively for preventing competition to your product.

These are the 10 things that the inventor can do to prevent deterioration of the patent document before filing:

  1. Do not ever try to draft patent application on your own, unless you have previous experience of drafting patent applications.
  2. A patent draft is not a technical document, but a techno-legal document. Which means, pure a technocrat or a lawyer without technical knowledge will not be a right person to writing patent drafts.
  3. Generally, inventors focus on advantages achieved by the invention rather than construction/method/process.  Objectives achieved by the inventions cannot be protected but only the construction/method/process can be. Therefore, advantages should not be the part of your claims but can be written separately at the end of the description and in the Objects of the inventions.
  4. Claims should be as short as possible. More you write in the claims, narrower is the scope of your patent. Most of the inventors try to include all elements in the claims, which is not a good. This may give competitors to do some small tweaking with your invention and get away from the scope of your claims, which you don’t want. If the claims are short and broad enough it will be difficult for your competitors to get away with small modifications and it’s true either way when the claims are lengthy and narrow. Getting a grant for a narrow claim is very easy, which is not useful. Writing the claims broad enough while filing and narrowing it down a bit at the time of examination is the best strategy.
  5. Enablement- This is one of the most important criteria for granting patent application. Enablement means, the claims should be enabled in the description by explaining best mode of working the invention, which can be construction or method or process which can be read by a normal person skilled in the art to reproduce the invention.
  6. Figures should be legible and according to the prescribed format by the respective patent office. The format is same across the globe but page setting is different in different offices. Improper figures may confuse the examiner and also the court in case there is an infringement suit filed by you in future. This may keep the opposite part and the decision making authority in dilemma.
  7. If you hire a patent consultant, you should trust him and let him do his part, your duty is to only explain what is your invention and wait for his version of patent specification with claims. You can check the documents with reference to the points mentioned above.
  8. Writing longer patent specification will add value to the patent is a wrong understanding. Shorter the patent application better it is during litigation. Many attorneys also have practices of writing a long patent application to please their clients, which is not advisable.
  9. Hire a Patent consultant/agent/attorney having experience of drafting patent applications from the same field as that of your invention. Generally, patent consultants may have experience of drafting from diversified fields of technology, which is common, just ask for few references before you hand over the work.
  10. Selecting a patent consultant/agent/attorney in itself is a big challenge. Many people have a mirage of expertise and some have real expertise. How to identify. Just check few patents published or ask him/her to work on a sample project in a short deadline of 15-20days, which will give you a fair idea of his/her expertise.

These are few things (not limited to) you can do to prevent wastage of your patent specification.

Patent Portfolio – Use and Advantage for Universities & Colleges

By Vidyasagar Khandala

Most of Indian Universities are refraining from investing and spending on activities for developing Intellectual property portfolio, such as for R&D, patent filing for the innovative R&D, patent prosecution and the like. Some universities are filing patents only for the sake complying with the set rules and regulations of some authorities to obtain some clearances or accreditation. Only very few Institutions are investing on IP portfolio development activities with intention to contribute to economic and technological empowerment. Generally, management of most of the Indian Universities have a question regarding investing on IP portfolio development activities. The question is, what revenue we generate by investing on Intellectual property rights protection? Also, why someone has to invest on complex Intellectual property rights such as patents? Would Patents really generate any revenue, any ROI?

Today we would like to highlight news regarding revenue generation by an University by enforcing Intellectual property rights. Most of us know (heard) about patent infringement suits of Apple Inc. v/s Samsung and similar. The biggest award in a non-medical technology patent case is Polaroid’s case against Kodak over instant cameras, which resulted in a $909 million verdict in 1990 and a $925 million settlement in the following year. That case also led to an injunction shutting down Kodak’s instant camera business. But most of these suits are filed and faced by big corporate firms.
But recently, one of a pioneer case proved that even Universities have potential to face and file patent suits. Not only the case proved the capacity and persistence of universities but also proved a winning result for their persistence and adherence. The pioneer case is of patent litigation Carnegie Mellon University Vs Marvel technologies.

The case resulted in penalty of $750 million, which was paid from Marvel technologies to Carnegie Mellon University. This is the second-largest payment ever over technology patents. At the district court level, Carnegie Mellon University was on track to collect as much as $1.54 billion. The university won a $1.17 billion jury verdict in 2012, to which a judge added penalties and interest. But an appellate court cut the win significantly, approving $278 million in damages and ordering other damages issues to be re-tried at the district court level. Instead of fighting further in courts, Marvel technologies agreed to pay $750 million to the Carnegie Mellon University & paid $750 million to the Carnegie Mellon University.
Former president of Carnegie Mellon University Dr. Subra Suresh said that after deducting legal expenses and share of inventors in the received penalty ($750 Million), the university will be getting around $250 Million.

Carnegie Mellon university case suggests that, if the university are able to identify and protect potential invention under patents (Intellectual property rights), this would surely help in bringing revenues to the Universities in the from of licensing/Assigning or by litigation.

The identification and recognition of IPR will definitely bring revenue to the Universities, attract a better talent (students and professors) and also a great contribution to society. In a single sentence we can summaries that, even if less than 5% percent of annual profit of universities is wisely and analytically invested for Intellectual property rights; universities can fetch revenue, which is equal to three to four years of their annual budget. It can be concluded that for increasing possibility of commercialization, proper strategy from the stage of conceptualization, R&D and patent filing with proper consultancy would be beneficial to the universities.